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Peer reviewed journals

Work related injuries in Washington State's Trucking Industry, by industry sector and occupation.
Smith C. Williams J. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2014. Click here for the complete article. Or for the short version, here are the research findings.


Assessment of perceived injury risks and priorities among truck drivers and trucking companies in Washington State.
Spielholz, P. et. al. Journal of Safety Research, 2008. Click here for the complete article.


The information provided on the linked sites is solely the view of the authors and does not reflect the official views of SHARP and / or L&I.

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Many documents on this website are in the pdf format. To download a free Adobe Reader® click here.

Revive your safety training with the interactive tools below

Prevent falls from ladders
Based on the true story of a driver painfully injured from rushing down a ladder.
Fall from ladder

Fatal crush
Use this true story to prevent similar incidents
Crush Prevention

Chaining up
Find the safety gear that the driver is using!
Chain up

Lever vs. Ratchet
Is there really a good reason to switch from a tool that has gotten the job done for years?
Load binders

Lifting heavy items can cause injuries to your back and shoulders over time. The driver demonstrates the pros and cons of getting the tarp on the flatbed.


Prevent slips
Slips, trips and falls cause many injuries in trucking. Changes in footwear, tasks and environment matter. Test your knowledge by clicking the slip simulation below.
Friction simulation

Jump Force
Know the forces involved in exiting your truck cab or trailer. Try our force simulator: Click here to access..
exit game

Partner news

How Do You Develop a Successful Safety Training? Published by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, April 2015.
TIRES: Helping to Reduce Work Related Injuries in the Commercial Trucking Industries Published in Northwest Transporter, Vol 16, Issue 1, Winter 2013.
Don't Jump! Published in Transport Topics Online, November 2011.
Risk - Part of the Job? (85 KB) Published in The Route, September 2010.
Even on Foot, Trucking is Risky Business Published in Transport Topics Online, June 2009.

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Spicing up training for the holidays

Santa is back and ready to help with your safety training

Prevent slips
Slips, trips and falls cause many injuries in trucking. Changes in footwear, tasks and environment matter. Test your knowledge by clicking the slip simulation below. (Since Santa's pack is magical it doesn't weigh more than a clipboard.)
Friction simulation


Tarping best practices
Lifting heavy items can cause injuries to your back and shoulders over time. Santa demonstrates the pros and cons of getting the tarp on the flatbed.




New safety training materials

Will Jones
Interview with Will Jones, Transportation
September 2015

Safety professional of the year - making sure everyone goes home safe

Although he wasn't raised to think about safety, when he found himself responsible for the lives of the people that he managed, he knew his greatest responsibility was to make sure that everyone went home safe at night.... Click here for entire story (180 KB PDF).


What is safety climate anyway?

Safety climate is the new catch phrase in occupational safety circles. But what is it? And what does it mean to your company? Find out in this 5 minute training:


Click here to launch the safety climate training. (Put on your headphones)



Is it necessary to report a close call?

Yes! A close call should be reported to the supervisor, safety director and safety committee so a prevention plan can be established. This safety poster reminds workers to report close calls. Click here to download the poster (658 KB PDF). Print on letter-sized or 11x17 sized paper.



Have you considered a mentorship program?

Mentorship is good for the mentor, the mentee and your bottom line. This tip sheet will give you some ideas to get one started at your company. Click here for the tips (291 KB PDF).



Early reporting equals better outcomes

The sooner you report and deal with an injury, the better your health outcome (507 KB) (poster printable on letter size or 11x17 paper)


Why E logs are better for maintenance tracking

Prevent injuries by following up on repair requests (189 KB)


Working safely around forklifts

Safety poster reminds workers how to work safe around forklifts (850 KB) (poster printable on letter size or 11x17 paper)


Company profile

What makes Harbor Wholesale Foods a model for worksite safety and health? (276 KB)


What's your reason for working safe?

Your best friend is depending on you to work safe (897 KB) (poster printable on letter size or 11x17 paper)

Work safe, so you can have fun (603 KB) (poster printable on letter size or 11x17 paper)

Work safe, play hard (526 KB) (poster printable on letter size or 11x17 paper)


Take time to review your APP

Click for more information on safety plan (APP) development (194 KB)

How to develop an effective safety committee (305 KB)


Keeping forklift drivers safe

Hand over your keys (156 KB)



Occupational health success stories

Partnering for success Our work in Washington is featured.


Technical Report

Trucking Industry: Examining Injuries for Prevention, Washington State, 2006-2012

Published November 2014


This report analyzes data from the Washington State workers' compensation fund over the years 2006-2012 to target injury prevention activities where they will be the most effective.


Click here to download the entire report (6.8 MB, it may take a few minutes)

Trucking Report 2014

If you want to print just your section, click here to be taken to the technical report page.



Why do we appreciate truckers?

This infographic by Trucker Classifieds depicts why we appreciate what they do and the injury data that we have collected gives us reason to want to keep them safe.

Click here for infographic

Click here for injury data report (940KB)



Who are we?

Trucking Injury Reduction Emphasis (TIRES)

TIRES is a research project developed by the SHARP program at the Washington Department of Labor & Industries. SHARP’s research shows that trucking has some of the highest claims rates and costs in the State of Washington.


Industry and labor groups have a common goal to improve workers' comp rates by decreasing the number of work-related injuries in trucking. Our target - making the riskiest job tasks safer.


The Injuries

The most common and costly injury types in the trucking industry:

  • Slips, trips, falls
  • Strains & sprains (Musculoskeletal disorders)
  • Getting struck by or against an object
  • Motor vehicle collisions


The work activitites that attributed majority of injuries:

  • Loading/unloading and material handling
  • Exiting the cab or trailer
  • Walking around the yard, terminal or customer site
  • Tarping/strapping a load


TIRES continues to develop materials for training in the safest methods known to get the important work of trucking accomplished.


How It Works

The TIRES research team is working with industry leaders, safety and health professionals, employers, drivers, warehouse and dock workers, and many others to develop educational materials that identify hazards and provide low-cost, simple solutions to prevent injuries in the trucking industry. We will also be visiting worksites to identify best practices and pilot test new ideas aimed at reducing the target injuries. This work is paid for by a grant from the CDC/NIOSH and the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries.


TIRES Stakeholders

Our dedicated steering committee

WTAWashington Trucking Associations (WTA)


SMART Smart Association


WRRA Washington Refuse and Recycling Association (WRRA)


Teamsters 252 Teamsters Local #252

RepublicRepublic Services

Bates Technical College, Truck Driving School

Individual trucking employers


Individual owner operators


Supporters from around the globe


National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (CDC/NIOSH grant #U60 OH008487)


ATA WCFAlabama Trucking Association Workers' Compensation Fund


MCM Motor Carriers of Montana


TSCBC Trucking Safety Council of BC


Washington State Patrol, Commercial Motor Vehicle Division


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